Applied to the supine position, lateral position and prone position during surgery, it is also used to support and protect the head & face. Idea; use for reduction of excessive pressure and stabilization of the head and neck are important to avoid changes in blood supply and thrombosis during prolonged surgeries.
Blood clotting, also known as coagulation, is the body’s first line of defense against bleeding. When we hurt ourselves, our clotting system forms a “plug” or “seal” to protect us from losing too much blood. Our bodies often break down the clot after we’ve healed – but sometimes, clots form inappropriately or fail to dissolve after an injury. A blood clot that forms and stays in a blood vessel is called a thrombus.
There are two main types of thrombosis:
- Arterial thrombosis refers to a blood clot that blocks an artery. Arteries carry blood away from the heart to other parts of the body. Arterial blood clots can block blood flow to the heart and brain, often resulting in a heart attack or stroke.
- Venous thrombosis, also known as venous thromboembolism or VTE, refers to a blood clot in a vein. Veins carry blood to the heart from other parts of the body. VTE is a condition that includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE).
What Is The Supine Position?
The supine position is one of the four basic patient positions. The three other positions are prone, lateral, and lithotomy. In supine position, the patient is face up with their head resting on a pad positioner or pillow and their neck in a neutral position. The patient’s arms, maintained in a neutral thumb-up or supinated position, may be tucked at their sides or abducted to less than 90 degrees on armboards.
Benefits Of The Supine Position
The supine position is one of the most natural positions for patients and usually allows for all patient anatomical structures to remain in natural neutral alignment. Most patients are able to maintain adequate respiratory function with no constricting external compression on the respiratory system. The supine position allows for excellent access to the anterior structures of the body. Also, the supine position is one of the safest positions for stability on the surgical table. It is easy to ensure that patient safety straps are placed and with the entire body supported the risk of injury from falling is further reduced.