Protection Against Infection
17th November, 2023

How to prevent the spread of infections?

Preventing the spread of infections is essential to maintain public health and reduce the risk of illness. In the colder months, illnesses are spread much easier and a lot more frequently. The specific steps you should take can vary depending on the type of infection, but there are some general measures you can follow to reduce the risk of infection transmission. Here are some key strategies:


Practice good hand hygiene:

Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after being in public places, using the restroom, and before eating.

Use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not readily available.

Maintain respiratory hygiene:

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your elbow when coughing or sneezing to prevent the spread of respiratory droplets.

Dispose of used tissues in a lined trash can and wash your hands immediately.

Avoid close contact with sick individuals:

If you are feeling unwell or are aware of someone else being sick, try to minimize close contact with others to prevent transmission.

Follow the recommended guidelines for cleaning and disinfecting based on the type of surface and the products you are using.

Practice good food safety:

Handle and cook food properly to prevent foodborne illnesses. Ensure that food is stored at safe temperatures and that kitchen utensils and surfaces are clean.

Stay informed and follow health guidelines:

Stay updated on the latest information from health authorities and follow their recommendations and guidelines.

Isolate when necessary:

If you are infected with a contagious disease, follow isolation and quarantine guidelines to prevent the spread to others.

Avoid touching your face:

Refrain from touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands to prevent the transfer of germs from your hands to mucous membranes.


Remember that the specific preventive measures may vary depending on the type of infection (e.g., viral, bacterial, fungal) and its mode of transmission. It’s important to stay informed and follow the guidance of healthcare professionals and public health authorities to protect yourself and others from infections.


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