What Are The Types of Hepatitis?
24th November, 2023

Hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver, often caused by different viruses. The effects of Hepatitis can result in a number of different health problems.

There are five main strands of the Hepatitis virus, which can be depicted as Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E. Although they do all cause liver damage and disease, they are all spread in separate ways and the severity of each one is different.

Hepatitis A is spread through consuming food and drink contaminated with the faeces of another who is carrying the disease. Type A is not chronic, and is usually passed within a few months of the infection. However, there is no treatment for Hepatitis A , even though, in some cases, it can be life-threatening.

Hepatitis B is spread through the blood of another person carrying the Hepatitis B virus. It is one of the most common strands and is often given to unborn infants through their pregnant mothers. Moreover, it can be spread through unprotected sex and injecting drugs through needles shared with another person or unsensitised.

Hepatitis C is spread through direct blood-to-blood contact with another carrier. It is most commonly transmitted through drug/needle sharing between people. Although it can be deadly, there are no obvious symptoms of this strand which often cause it to go unnoticed and/or untreated.

Hepatitis D can only infect people who have contracted Hepatitis B as the disease needs Hep B to survive in the body and its conditions. Typically, it is also spread through direct blood-to-blood contact or sexual contact with a carrier. Although there is no vaccine, the Hepatitis B vaccine can reduce the risk of catching this strand of the disease.

Hepatitis E is commonly associated with undercooked and raw foods such as pork and meats, including wild boar meat and shellfish. In recent years, Hepatitis E has become the most common strand of Hepatitis within the UK. Despite being a mild infection with short-term side effects, it can be threatening to those with a more weakened immune system.

Common Side Effects of Hepatitis:

 

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