Human Pancreas Training Model

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Model Number: 80847964

Brand: Niche Healthcare

50*50*120

This life size model can be opened into 2 parts to show the anatomy of the human larynx and related structures: hyoid bone, cartilages, ligaments, muscles, vessels, nerves and thyroid gland.

SKU: NH-58330 Category: Tag:

Description

Categories         Anatomical Model

Subject               Medical Science

Material              Eco-friendly PVC

Application       School/Hospital/Laboratory

 

The pancreas is a vital organ in the human body with both endocrine and exocrine functions. It plays a crucial role in digestion and the regulation of blood sugar levels. Here’s a detailed overview of the pancreas:

Anatomy of the Pancreas

Location:

The pancreas is located in the abdomen, behind the stomach and in front of the spine. It is nestled in the curve of the duodenum, the first section of the small intestine.

Structure:

  • Head: The broadest part, situated in the curve of the duodenum.
  • Body: The central part that extends across the midline of the body.
  • Tail: The narrow end, which lies near the spleen.

Functions of the Pancreas

Exocrine Function:

  • Digestive Enzymes: The pancreas produces digestive enzymes that are released into the duodenum. These enzymes include:
  • Amylase: Breaks down carbohydrates.
  • Lipase: Breaks down fats.
  • Proteases (e.g., trypsin, chymotrypsin): Break down proteins.
  • Bicarbonate: Neutralizes stomach acid in the duodenum, creating an optimal pH for enzyme activity.

Endocrine Function:

  • Hormone Production: The pancreas contains clusters of cells known as the islets of Langerhans, which produce hormones that regulate blood sugar levels:
  • Insulin: Produced by beta cells, it lowers blood sugar by facilitating the uptake of glucose into cells.
  • Glucagon: Produced by alpha cells, it raises blood sugar by stimulating the release of glucose from the liver.
  • Somatostatin: Produced by delta cells, it regulates the secretion of both insulin and glucagon.
  • Pancreatic Polypeptide: Produced by PP cells, it regulates both the endocrine and exocrine functions of the pancreas.

Clinical Relevance

Diabetes Mellitus:

  • Type 1 Diabetes: An autoimmune condition where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells, leading to insulin deficiency.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Characterized by insulin resistance and a relative deficiency in insulin production.

Pancreatitis:

Inflammation of the pancreas, which can be acute or chronic. Causes include gallstones, alcohol abuse, and certain medications.

Symptoms include severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever.

Pancreatic Cancer:

A malignant tumor of the pancreas, often diagnosed at an advanced stage due to subtle initial symptoms.

Symptoms can include jaundice, weight loss, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite.

Cystic Fibrosis:

A genetic disorder that affects the exocrine function of the pancreas, leading to thick, sticky mucus that can block pancreatic ducts and impair digestion.

Diagnostic and Treatment Approaches

Imaging Studies:

  • Ultrasound: Used to visualize the pancreas and detect conditions like pancreatitis or tumors.
  • CT Scan: Provides detailed images of the pancreas and surrounding structures.
  • MRI: Used for detailed imaging and assessment of pancreatic diseases.

Blood Tests:

Measurement of blood glucose levels for diabetes diagnosis.

Enzyme levels (amylase and lipase) to diagnose pancreatitis.

Endoscopic Procedures:

  • Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS): Combines endoscopy and ultrasound to obtain detailed images and biopsies of the pancreas.
  • Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): Used to diagnose and treat conditions of the bile ducts and pancreatic ducts.

Treatment Options:

  • Diabetes: Managed with insulin (Type 1) or oral medications and lifestyle changes (Type 2).
  • Pancreatitis: Treatment involves pain management, hydration, and addressing the underlying cause.
  • Pancreatic Cancer: Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or targeted therapy.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Managed with enzyme supplements, nutritional support, and treatments to manage lung infections.

The pancreas is a critical organ with diverse and essential roles in digestion and metabolism. Understanding its functions and the potential diseases that can affect it is key to maintaining overall health.

 

What Organs Are In The Human Body?

What Organs Are In The Human Body?

 

For more information, contact us 01274 965089 or check out our website at www.nicheofficesolutions.co.uk www.nicheofficesolutions.co.uk/niche-nhs

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