Life Size Foot Joint Training Model

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Model Number: 89058366

Brand: Niche Healthcare

12 x 22 x 27CM.

Demonstrate all of foot functionality and the external anatomical structures. Include flexible, artificial ligaments. Made of PVC plastic, natural size, on stand. 

SKU: NH-93871 Category: Tag:

Description

Categories         Anatomical Model

Subject               Medical Science

Material              Eco-friendly PVC

Application       School/Hospital/Laboratory

 

The foot is a complex structure consisting of numerous bones, joints, and ligaments that work together to provide support, balance, and mobility. Here’s a detailed overview of the joints and ligaments of the foot:

Joints of the Foot

Ankle Joint (Talocrural Joint)

  • Bones involved: Tibia, fibula, and talus.
  • Type: Hinge joint.
  • Movement: Dorsiflexion and plantarflexion.

Subtalar Joint (Talocalcaneal Joint)

  • Bones involved: Talus and calcaneus.
  • Type: Gliding joint.
  • Movement: Inversion and eversion.

Midtarsal Joint (Chopart Joint)

  • Bones involved: Talonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints.
  • Type: Complex gliding joint.
  • Movement: Contributes to inversion and eversion.

Tarsometatarsal Joints (Lisfranc Joint)

  • Bones involved: Tarsal bones (cuboid and cuneiforms) and metatarsal bones.
  • Type: Gliding joint.
  • Movement: Limited gliding and rotation.

Metatarsophalangeal Joints (MTP Joints)

  • Bones involved: Metatarsal bones and proximal phalanges.
  • Type: Condyloid joint.
  • Movement: Flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction.

Interphalangeal Joints

  • Bones involved: Phalanges.
  • Type: Hinge joint.
  • Movement: Flexion and extension.

Ligaments of the Foot

Ankle Ligaments

  • Medial (Deltoid) Ligament: Stabilizes the medial side of the ankle.
  • Components: Tibionavicular, tibiocalcaneal, posterior tibiotalar, and anterior tibiotalar ligaments.
  • Lateral Ligaments: Stabilize the lateral side of the ankle.
  • Components: Anterior talofibular, calcaneofibular, and posterior talofibular ligaments.

Plantar Ligaments

  • Plantar Fascia (Plantar Aponeurosis): Supports the arch of the foot.
  • Long Plantar Ligament: Runs from the calcaneus to the metatarsals, supporting the longitudinal arch.
  • Short Plantar Ligament (Plantar Calcaneocuboid Ligament): Supports the lateral side of the arch.

Interosseous Ligaments

  • Interosseous Talocalcaneal Ligament: Binds the talus and calcaneus together, supporting the subtalar joint.

Collateral Ligaments (of the Toes)

Stabilize the metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints of the toes.

Lisfranc Ligament

  • Location: Connects the medial cuneiform to the base of the second metatarsal.
  • Function: Stabilizes the tarsometatarsal joints.

Functionality

These joints and ligaments together provide:

  • Stability: Essential for standing and weight-bearing activities.
  • Flexibility: Allows for a range of movements required for walking, running, and jumping.
  • Shock Absorption: The arches of the foot, supported by ligaments and fascia, help in absorbing impact and providing spring in each step.

Proper functioning of these joints and ligaments is crucial for overall foot health and mobility. Any injury or dysfunction in these structures can significantly affect gait and posture.

 

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