Medical Brain Stem Training Model

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Model Number: NH-30863

Brand: Niche Healthcare 

250×200×370mm

Brain stem shape and brain N position.

  1. Size: magnified by 5 times, 250 × two hundred × 370mm;
  2. Parts: 1 part, placed on the base;
  3. Function: display the shape of the brain stem and the location of twelve pairs of brain nerves in the brain stem, and show three parts of the medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain, which are connected to diencephalon, and can be acupuncture and injection;
  4. Material: imported soft environment-friendly PVC material, imported environment-friendly paint, plastic base.
SKU: VS825685124 Category: Tag:

Description

Categories         Anatomical Model

Subject               Medical Science

Material              Eco-friendly PVC

Application       School/Hospital/Laboratory

 

Brain stem shape and brain N position.

  1. Size: magnified by 5 times, 250 × two hundred × 370mm;
  2. Parts: 1 part, placed on the base;
  3. Function: display the shape of the brain stem and the location of twelve pairs of brain nerves in the brain stem, and show three parts of the medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain, which are connected to diencephalon, and can be acupuncture and injection;
  4. Material: imported soft environment-friendly PVC material, imported environment-friendly paint, plastic base.

 

Anatomy of the Brainstem

The brainstem is composed of three main parts:

Midbrain (Mesencephalon):

Located at the top of the brainstem, it plays a role in motor movement, auditory and visual processing, and arousal.

Structures:

  • Tectum: Involved in auditory and visual reflexes.
  • Tegmentum: Contains pathways and nuclei important for motor control.
  • Cerebral Peduncles: Connect the forebrain to the hindbrain and contain important motor and sensory pathways.

Pons:

Located between the midbrain and the medulla oblongata.

Acts as a bridge connecting different parts of the brain.

Plays a role in regulating breathing, communication between different parts of the brain, and sensations such as hearing, taste, and balance.

Structures:

  • Basilar Pons: Contains descending motor pathways.
  • Pontine Tegmentum: Contains nuclei involved in sleep and arousal.

Medulla Oblongata:

Located at the base of the brainstem, continuous with the spinal cord.

Regulates vital autonomic functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing.

Structures:

  • Pyramids: Contain motor fibers of the corticospinal and corticobulbar tracts.
  • Olives: Involved in motor coordination.

Functions of the Brainstem

  • Autonomic Functions: Controls vital involuntary processes such as heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration.
  • Motor and Sensory Pathways: Serves as a conduit for motor and sensory pathways traveling between the brain and the spinal cord.
  • Cranial Nerve Nuclei: Contains nuclei for most of the cranial nerves, which are involved in facial sensation, eye movement, hearing, balance, taste, swallowing, and speech.
  • Arousal and Consciousness: Houses the reticular formation, which is critical for maintaining arousal and consciousness.

Clinical Significance

  • Stroke: A stroke in the brainstem can be life-threatening due to its control over vital functions.
  • Brainstem Tumors: Tumors in this area can disrupt crucial functions and pathways.
  • Trauma: Injury to the brainstem can result in severe and potentially fatal outcomes.
  • Degenerative Diseases: Conditions such as Parkinson’s disease can affect brainstem nuclei.

Diagnostic Tools:

  • MRI and CT Scans: Provide detailed images of the brainstem to detect abnormalities.
  • Electrophysiological Studies: Assess the function of brainstem pathways.

Common Brainstem Conditions:

  • Locked-In Syndrome: Caused by damage to the pons, resulting in paralysis but preserved consciousness.
  • Brainstem Glioma: A type of tumour that occurs in the brainstem, particularly in children.

Understanding the brainstem’s structure and function is essential for diagnosing and managing neurological diseases and conditions.

 

What Organs Are In The Human Body?

What Organs Are In The Human Body?

 

For more information, contact us 01274 965089 or check out our website at www.nicheofficesolutions.co.uk www.nicheofficesolutions.co.uk/niche-nhs

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If you have any additional questions, drop us an email at info@nicheofficesolutions.co.uk 

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