Brain Pathologies Training Model

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Model Number: NH-09472

Brand: Niche Healthcare

The model shows visualize common diseases like stroke, subdural hematoma, migraine by enlarged arteries, and effects of alcoholism.

SKU: VS22056885 Category: Tag:

Description

Categories         Anatomical Model

Subject               Medical Science

Material              Eco-friendly PVC

Application       School/Hospital/Laboratory

 

Brain pathologies refer to various diseases, disorders, and conditions that affect the structure and function of the brain. These pathologies can be caused by genetic factors, infections, trauma, degenerative processes, vascular issues, or tumors. Here are some major categories and examples of brain pathologies:

Neurodegenerative Diseases

  • Alzheimer’s Disease: A progressive disorder characterized by the degeneration of brain cells, leading to memory loss, confusion, and cognitive decline.
  • Parkinson’s Disease: A disorder affecting movement, marked by tremors, rigidity, and bradykinesia (slowness of movement).
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS): A condition that affects motor neurons, leading to muscle weakness and atrophy.
  • Huntington’s Disease: A genetic disorder causing the progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain, leading to movement, cognitive, and psychiatric problems.

Cerebrovascular Diseases

  • Stroke: Occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain is interrupted or reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients.
  • Ischemic Stroke: Caused by a blockage in an artery supplying blood to the brain.
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke: Caused by bleeding in or around the brain.
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA): Often called a mini-stroke, it’s a temporary period of symptoms similar to those of a stroke.

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

  • Concussion: A mild TBI caused by a blow to the head, leading to temporary disruption in brain function.
  • Contusion: A bruise on the brain caused by a more severe impact.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury: Caused by severe shaking or rotational forces, leading to widespread brain damage.

Infections and Inflammatory Diseases

  • Meningitis: Inflammation of the membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord, often caused by an infection.
  • Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain tissue, usually due to viral infection.
  • Brain Abscess: A collection of pus caused by a bacterial or fungal infection in the brain.

Tumors

  • Gliomas: Tumors arising from glial cells, including astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, and glioblastomas.
  • Meningiomas: Tumors that develop from the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.
  • Metastatic Brain Tumors: Tumors that have spread to the brain from other parts of the body.

Autoimmune Disorders

  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS): A disease in which the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibres, causing communication problems between the brain and the rest of the body.

Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders

  • Epilepsy: A disorder characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

Developmental Disorders

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A developmental disorder affecting communication, behaviour, and social interaction.
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A disorder characterized by patterns of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.

Psychiatric Disorders

  • Schizophrenia: A severe mental disorder characterized by distorted thinking, perceptions, emotions, language, sense of self, and behaviour.
  • Bipolar Disorder: A disorder associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs.

Other Brain Disorders

  • Hydrocephalus: A condition characterized by an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain, leading to increased pressure.
  • Cerebral Palsy: A group of disorders affecting movement and muscle tone or posture, caused by damage that occurs to the immature brain as it develops.

Understanding these brain pathologies is crucial for diagnosis, treatment, and management of the affected individuals, as well as for ongoing research into potential cures and therapies.

 

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